What else do we need to know?

What else do we need to know?

·        When writing Spanish as a foreign language in Braille, NO CONTRACTIONS ARE USED. Also, BANA rules are followed.

·        This actually makes it easier for the Braille student who is learning Spanish.


Examples from the Spanish textbook ¡En Espanol!


¿Cierto o Falso?

5,cierto o,falso5


Escuchar                    ¿ Es cierto o falso?                     Si  es

,iscuhar  5,is cierto o falso5 ,se is

 falso,  di  lo que es cierto

falso1 di lo qui es ceirto4


Listen.  True or False? If it is false, say what is true

 The directions are brailled using uncontracted braille as the context is Spanish.



(Hint: True or False? If it is false, say what is true)

7,h9t3 trui or false6 if x is false1 say :at is true47

 This hint is in English in the book, therefore,  contractions are used.


Foreign words and names which are printed in regular typeface in an English context may use contractions and letter signs.  When they are in Italics, no contractions or letter signs may be used.


Verónica  and Andrés are the children  of Javier and Yolanda. (The italics identify the names as proper nouns and foreign words).

.,ver@onica & .,andr@es >e ! *n ( .,javeir & yolanda4


Verónica and Andrés are the children of Javier and Yolanda (note the use of contractions)

,v]@oneca & ,&r@es >e ! *n ( ,jav@i] & yol&a4



Where do we use the Spanish accented symbols? In Spanish context, each symbol has its own Braille Symbol. In English context, we use dot 4 just before the accented letter.



1.   Javier es el tío de Andrés.

#a4 ,javier es el t/o de ,andr!s4


In the Spanish context the Spanish accented symbol í is represented by dots 34. The é is represented by dots 2346.


    Javier is the uncle of Andrés.

 ,javi] is ! uncle (,andr@es4


    In the English context note that the Spanish accented symbol é is denoted by dot 4 immediately before the e. Dot 4 indicates an accented symbol – it is used for all Spanish Accent Symbols in the English context

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